Deep cycle batteries store energy through sources of electric current, which are recharged by means of alternators, solar panels, windmills, etc. The fundamental difference between deep-cycle and short-cycle batteries is that of a car, lies in the use one makes of them.
To explain it clearly let’s see how it is the case of the automotive. It takes a lot of starting current and that a battery can deliver that energy in a short time. Between 300 and 600 amperes in, about 3 to 5 seconds. Then the battery recharges quickly through the alternator that provides all the energy necessary for the operation of the automotive electrical system. So you must charge a deep cycle batteries faster.
Starting from a 100% charged battery, the energy consumption does not exceed 5%. Hence it is a short cycle battery. In these batteries, the battery capacity is usually taken several times in a short time. Example, 65 amp battery takes 300 to 600 amps in 3 to 5 seconds.
In lighting systems, the fast charge a deep cycle batteries have a certain relationship with their capacity and also tend to be very small in relation to the capacity of the battery. Energy is taken below its capacity. Charge a deep cycle battery properly, it takes 3 amps over 10 hours. These batteries are called deep cycle because they admit to be discharged by 90%.
Plug in the charger hooked on an average 120 volt power channel
Turn on the charger and look at its charging light. Usually, an orange or amber light indicates that the battery is charging.
Anticipate the battery being fully charged, indicated by the charging light changes to green, and then turn off the charger. This might take as small as an hour, based on the type of charger and how much your battery was discharged.
Disconnect the charger, disconnect the cable from the negative battery terminal and then the cable from the positive terminal.
While the other measures are helpful in classifying batteries by their tasks, it is also measured in how many cycles a battery can support, meaning the number of times it can be discharged and charged. Each cycle of loading and unloading can for example represent a day less of useful life.
The ability to cycle several times is what distinguishes deep-cycle batteries from automotive starter batteries, which cannot withstand more than some deep discharges before the end of their useful life.
Battery manufacturers measure battery cycles, discharging them in 25 amps until their voltage happens to drop to 10.5 volts. Afterwards the batteries happen to be charged under restricted conditions, to start the process again. This continues until the battery only gets half its charge or some remaining minutes of charge. At this point, the battery will end its life.